# Notation and Theory Juggling Circus Performing Arts

Various ways of describing juggling patterns on paper have been developed. These include siteswap notation, ladder diagrams, causal diagrams, and landing schedules. Most require some restrictive assumptions about the form of the juggling, so can only describe a subset of possible patterns. Some of the notations can be combined with mathematical theory to find, for example, the total number of patters of a certain length with a given number of balls.

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**Notation and Theory**

- Juggling Drops and Descents - Complex math and applications to juggling patterns. A juggling joint research by Joe Buhler of Reed College juggling and Ron Graham of AT&T Bell Labs.
- Introduction to SiteSwaps - A concise introduction to the written juggling notation called SiteSwaps.
- The Science of Juggling - A paper from Scientific American, November 1995. Includes an overview of learning mechanisms, robot jugglers, and mathematical theory.
- Siteswap FAQ - Provides answers to common questions about siteswap notation.
- Juggling Theory - An introduction to siteswap notation, illustrated by animated gifs.

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