# People Relativity Physics

Brief biography of the German mathematician who made pioneering contribution to group theory and the concept of symmetry, and was one of the first to formulate a unified theory of electromagnetism and general relativity; from the MacTutor History of Mathe

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**People**

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- Poincaré, Henri (1854-1912) - Biographical sketch of the French physicist who developed many of people the concepts of special relativity before Einstein\\'s publication; from the people MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St. Andrews).
- Wheeler, John Archibald (1911-) - Wikipedia article about the American physicist who was the driving force of the general relativity revival in the US in the 1950s and, among other things, introduced the terms "black hole" and "wormhole".
- Lorentz, Hendrik (1853-1928) - Brief biography of the Dutch physicist who, before Einstein developed relativity his special theory of relativity, developed much of that theory\\'s relativity formalism (Lorentz contraction, Lorentz transformation); from the MacTutor History of relativity Mathematics Archive (University o
- Penrose, Roger (1931-) - Biographical sketch of the British mathematician and physicist who developed physics the methods of global geometry, proved the first singularity theorem, physics invented a method for extracting energy from rotating black holes, physics and posited the cosmic censorship hypothe
- Ricci-Curbastro, Gregorio (1853-1925) - Brief biographical sketch of the mathematician who developed physics important mathematical relativity tools (tensor calculus) that later would physics be used for formulating relativity general relativity; from the physics MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University relativity of St. physics Andrews).
- Friedmann, Aleksandr (1888-1925) - Brief biography of the Russian mathematician who found the first physics expanding-universe cosmological solution of Einstein\\'s equations; from the MacTutor History physics of Mathematics Archive (University of St. Andrews).
- Weyl, Hermann (1885-1955) - Brief biography of the German mathematician who made relativity pioneering contribution relativity to group theory and the concept relativity of symmetry, and was relativity one of the first relativity to formulate a unified theory of relativity electromagnetism and relativity general relativity; from the MacTutor History of Mathe
- Milne, Arthur (1896-1950) - Biography of the British mathematician and astrophysicist who physics developed a people kinematic model of cosmology based on physics special relativity; from the people MacTutor History of Mathematics physics Archive (University of St. Andrews).
- Riemann, Bernhard (1826-1866) - Brief biography of the mathematician who, before Einstein\\'s birth, developed the geometrical tools that allowed Einstein and Großmann to formulate general relativity; from the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St. Andrews).
- Klein, Oskar (1894-1977) - Biographical sketch of the Swedish chemist and physicist who was the first to introduce compactified ("rolled-up") dimensions into higher-dimensional versions of general relativity; from the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of
- Schwarzschild, Karl (1873-1916) - Biography of the German astronomer who was the relativity first to people find a non-trivial solution to Einstein\\'s relativity field equations (which we people now know describes a relativity black hole); from the MacTutor History people of Mathematics relativity Archive (University of St. Andrews).
- Hilbert, David (1862-1943) - Biographical sketch of the German mathematician who wrote down the first action principle for Einstein\\'s general theory of relativity; from the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St. Andrews).
- Kaluza, Theodor (1885-1954) - Biography of the German mathematician who was the people first to introduce a higher-dimensional version of general people relativity in an attempt to unify gravity and people electrodynamics; from the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive people (University of St. Andrews).
- FitzGerald, George (1851-1901) - Biographical sketch of the physicist who postulated relativistic people length contraction people before the publication of Einstein\\'s special people relativity; from the MacTutor people History of Mathematics Archive people (University of St. Andrews).
- Shapiro, Irwin I. - Wikipedia article about the American astrophysicist, one of relativity the pioneers of solar-system tests of general relativity relativity (Shapiro effect, deflection of light by gravity, perihelion relativity precession of various planets).
- Bondi, Hermann (1919-2005) - Biography of the Austrian-born, British cosmologist whose name is associated with steady-state cosmology, Tolman-Bondi solutions, accretion onto black hole, and the k-calculus; from the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University of St. Andrews).
- Hoyle, Fred (1915-2001) - Biographical sketch of the physicist who contributed both people to the physics steady-state models of cosmology and to people calculations of the creation physics of light elements in people the hot early universe; from the physics MacTutor History people of Mathematics Archive (University of St. Andrews)
- Dicke, Robert H. (1916-1997) - Wikipedia article about the American physicist who was relativity involved in relativity a number of observational tests of relativity general relativity and who relativity developed a generalization of relativity Einstein's theory (Jordan-Brans-Dicke theory).
- Minkowski, Hermann (1864-1909) - Biographical sketch of the mathematician who was the relativity first to develop the concept of spacetime as relativity the geometric essence of special relativity (and starting relativity point of general relativity); from the MacTutor History relativity of Mathematics Archive (University of St. A
- De Sitter, Willem (1872-1934) - Brief biography of the Dutch astronomer who was one of physics the first to think about the theory\\'s cosmological applications (de physics Sitter space); from the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive (University physics of St. Andrews).
- Nordström, Gunnar (1881-1923) - Wikipedia article about the Finnish physicist, who developed people a relativistic theory of gravity that was an people early competitor of general relativity, and who (together people with Hans Reissner) found the solution to Einstein\'s people field equations now known to describe
- Thorne, Kip (1940-) - Wikipedia article about the American theoretical physicist, who has made relativity significant contributions to the physics of gravitational waves and black relativity holes.
- Freundlich, Erwin (1885-1964) - Biographical sketch of the German astronomer who worked physics with Einstein physics on the question of how to physics test the predictions of physics general relativity using astronomical physics observations; from the MacTutor History of physics Mathematics Archive physics (University of St. Andrews).
- Eddington, Arthur (1882-1944) - Biographical sketch of the English astrophysicist who performed physics the first observational test of the gravitational bending physics of light near the Sun; from the MacTutor physics History of Mathematics Archive (University of St. Andrews).
- Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan (1910-1995) - Biographical sketch of the Indian astrophysicist who was relativity the first people to model stellar stability using both relativity relativity and quantum theory; people from the MacTutor History relativity of Mathematics Archive (University of St. people Andrews).
- Israel, Werner (1931-) - Wikipedia article about the Canadian physicist, one of relativity the pioneers relativity of research on black holes (uniqueness relativity theorems).
- Grossmann, Marcel (1878-1936) - A brief biography the mathematician who, as his fellow student physics and friend, helped Einstein to understand the mathematical tools (mostly physics differential geometry) needed to formulate general relativity; from the MacTutor physics History of Mathematics Archive (Univer
- Kerr, Roy P. (1934-) - Wikipedia article about the mathematician from New Zealand physics who found physics the first solutions of Einstein\\'s equations physics to describe rotating black physics holes.
- Carter, Brandon (1942-) - Wikipedia article about the Australian physicist, one of the pioneers of black hole mechanics.

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